History of Intelligence Test In India
• Intelligence Test in India -Verbal Intelligence Test
History of creation of intelligence tests in India begins in 1922, when F. C. college principal of, Dr C H Rice, first created Hindustani Binet test on the basis of Binet test.
This effort was commendable enough, but there were some defects in this test, which in 1935, Shri V V Kamath of Mumbai tried to remove it. Shri Kamath made 'Mumbai Karnataka Revision of Binet Test' in Marathi and Kannada language.
Pandit Lajja Shankar Jha certified simple mental test in 1922. Its certification was done on 1000 children. This test was for children aged 10 to 18 years.
In 1936 Dr. S. Jalota created the Dr. S. Jalota Intelligence Test, a collective intelligence test in English language, based on the Burt and Terman test.
Shri R. R. Kumariya of Central Training College created a group intelligence test in Urdu language in 1937. Shri L. K.Shah prepared 'Group Mental Ability Test' in Hindi language in 1937. Mr. C. T. Philippe made Group Verbal Mental Ability Test in Tamil language.
During the Second World War, verbal and group intelligence tests were produced in large quantities. During the war period, Dr. Sohanlal made an intelligence test of 45 minutes in Hindi.
Shri S. M. Mohsin of Patna University prepared a series of intelligence tests in 1943 and D. S. College professor Mr. Jhingaran also created an intelligence test.
Between 1950-60, Central Institute of delhi C.I.E., Delhi and Psychological School, Allahabad, prepared separate group verbal intelligence tests for children of different age groups.
In 1960, Dr. M.C. Joshi designed a 100 steps 'General Mental Ability Test' which was verified on 7830 students. In 1964, Dr. Prayag Mehta made a 'Group Intelligence Test' verifying on 1800 children. At the same time Dr. Jalota revised his simple mental ability test.
The above efforts were only in direction of measuring intelligence of children up to adolescence, but in 1964, Mr. Mazumdar of Kolkata adapted Weschler-Valevue intelligence test in Bengali language.
In 1970, Mrs. G P Sary of Agra designed the Adult Intelligence Test. According to Wechler's intelligence test, in 1971, Mr. P N Mehrotra of Moradabad designed a mixed intelligence test.
• Non-Verbal Intelligence Test
First time in direction of creation non-verbal intelligence test, Prof. Patel adapted Goodenough 'Draw a Person Test' into the Gujarati language. Similarly Pramila Pathan of Vadodara adapted 'Draw a Person Test' for Indian conditions.
Delhi's Central Institute of Education Indianized Jenkins's nonverbal intelligence test. Similarly, psychology school Allahabad Indianized Ravin's 'Progressive Matrix' and Pidgeon's nonverbal test.
Apart from Indianization of said examinations, some scholars also made their fundamental drawings. In 1938, Manziel created a basic nonverbal test. Similarly, in 1942, Vickery and Drever made a similar test. Sri Ramnath Kundu of Calcutta University created a nonverbal test for adults.
In 1966, Shri Ayodhya Nath Mishra certifications 'Human Finger Drawing Test'. Kolkata's Shri G. s. Chatterjee and M. Mukherjee also created a nonverbal test. In 1968, Shri Raghuvansh Tripathi of Jaunpur formed Non-Verbal Group of Intelligence.
• Performance Intelligence Test
Indianization and certifications of following performance intelligence tests has taken place in India.
* Goddard Farm Board - Patel and Panwala in Gujarati.
* Drawing a Person Test - Dr. Shrimali, Udaipur.
* Koh Block Design Test - Indianized at psychology school, Allahabad.
Apart from this, Shri Chandramohan Bhatia and psychology school, Allahabad have also done many works in this direction.
Dr. Goodenough Drawing a Person Test
In this test, the person or subject is asked to draw the figure of a human being, on the basis of which his intelligence is measured.
Bhatiya Bettety Test
Bhatia Battery Test of Intelligence Measurement, created by Dr. Chandramohan Bhatia, consists of five sub-tests. All of which are performance individually. These tests are Koh block test, pass along test, shape formation test, instantaneous memory test and image formation test.
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